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消除贫困:中国扶贫新实践的社会学研究

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英文标题: Eradicating Absolute Poverty: A Sociological Study of China’s New Practice of Poverty Alleviation     
摘要:

本文基于揭示扶贫过程的需要,将国家/社会系统进一步细化为政治、行政、乡村治理以及乡村社会不同要素动态互动所构成的系统,以此为理论框架,同时应用“相遇”“界面”和“回应”的概念,呈现了在国家/社会的动态互动关系条件下扶贫干预从上到下传递的复杂的微观叙事。本文认为,虽然扶贫议程达到行政科层后,乡村治理与乡村社会的相遇和彼此回应中存在着不同社会能动者基于自身生活世界对扶贫议程产生的变异性影响,但扶贫过程在总体上则是政治对行政的融合与形塑、乡村社会与现代社会的对接以及总体上国家与社会的整合。这是脱贫攻坚政策和措施得以贯彻落实的制度性基础,也是中国减贫取得不断进展的根本性机制。

英文摘要:

To analyze the process of the ongoing poverty alleviation in China, this paper subdivides the state-society system into a system composed of dynamic interactions between diverse agents, such as politics, bureaucracy, village administrative and village societal subsystems. Adopting this theoretical framework and concepts of encounter, interface and responsiveness, we construct a micro-narrative of top-down transmission of poverty interventions subject to a dynamic state-society interaction. The authors argue that China’s recent poverty alleviation is in general a process of state-society integration under political agendas, which not only constructs an institutional foundation for policy implementation, but also becomes a fundamental institution that drives China’s continuous progress in poverty reduction. This institution embodies China’s state-driven developmental politics. The encountering and responses between poverty agendas and bureaucratic systems, village administration and village society may be influenced by social agents who have different life worlds. In general, however, poverty reduction reflects a reshaping of bureaucracies by political systems, a linking-up of village society to the modern world, and an integration of state and society. This constitutes the fundamental mechanism for progress made in poverty reduction in China.

作者: 李小云、徐进
作者单位: 中国农业大学人文与发展学院
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2020.6:
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 消除贫困;国家与社会;界面
英文关键词:
项目基金:

本文受云南省科技人才和平台计划“云南省李小云专家工作站”(项目编号:2019IC011)的资助。

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