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中国贫困研究的社会学评述

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As a crucial component of development theory , the poverty research has reemerged in the context of social transformation in Chinese society .Through sociological lens, this paper intends to review the plentiful researches on poverty in last two decades from three perspectives. 1.From process perspective , poverty-focused research is decorated in terms of conceptions, typology and initiation of poverty .To answer the questions of how poverty generates, and why it has been regenerative , the researchers contribute many themes.The analysis on intra-household , interhousehold , intra-generation , and intergeneration behaviors show a new vision of explaination for regenerative poverty . 2.From interaction perspectives, poverty-focused research includes income gap , regional inequality and inter-g roup inequity , and the domination of development in the macro-interest structure . This discussio n results to the debates about who should own the development-the subjective and inter-subjective roles among government , market and the poo rest .3.From action perspectives, poverty-focused research refers to delivery systems, self-targeting , gender equal opportunities, and participation issues .As anti-poverty methods are insufficiency for the poor people needs, the institutional risks and new approaches for poverty reduction are discussed .

作者:

沈红

作者单位: 中国社会科学院社会学研究所;
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2000.2:91-103
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关键词: 梯度理论; 区域差距; 扶贫资金; 地区开发; 收入分配; 现代性问题; 区域发展格局; 要素配置; 不发达; 贫富差距扩大;
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