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“强干预”与“弱干预”:社会学干预方法的两条途径

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英文标题:

“ Strong Intervention” and “ Weak Intervention”:Two approaches of sociological intervention method

摘要: 多年来,人们对改革开放以来所创造的“经济奇迹”谈论甚多,而对促动这一“经济奇迹”的“体制奇迹”,即权力与市场的结合,却始终着墨很少。“转型社会学”企图面对这一“体制奇迹”及其所引发的诸种问题。为此,必须努力寻求“工具实证主义”以外的社会学研究手段,以便有能力面对剧烈变动中的社会结构和社会安排。奠基于“行动社会学”之上的“社会学干预”或许就是有效方法之一。不过,面对中国社会转型的实际过程,这一源出于法国图海纳学派的方法,必须在原则和技术上都有所改进。嫁接“解放社会学”的诸原则,形成“强”、“弱”两种干预手段,可能构成一种有意义的尝试。本文结合对农民工和都市运动两种现象进行社会学干预式的研究,试图阐释“强干预”与“弱干预”的不同方式和操作特点。
英文摘要:

For many years people have been talking a lot about the “ economic miracles” created after the reform and opening to the outside world.In contrast, little has been talked about the “ institution miracle” which gave rise to the “economic miracle” , that is, the tight combination of power and market.“ Transformation sociology” attempts to face the “institution miracle” and the various problems it brings about .Therefore , other sociological research methods besides' instrumental positivism' must be found in order to deal with the social structure and social arrangement in great transformation.“ Sociological intervention” based on “ Sociology of Action” might be one of the effective methods . However, facing the practical process of Chinese social transformation , the method originated from the French Touraine School must be ameliorated on both principles and techniques.Borrowing the principles of “Liberation Sociology” , two types of sociological intervention approaches may be formed, that is, strong intervention and weak intervention.This paper combines the sociological intervention researches on migrant workers and urban movements, and attempts to explain the different ways and operation features of “strong intervention” and “weak intervention”.

作者:

沈原;

作者单位: 清华大学社会学系;
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2006.5:1-25
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 转型社会学; 社会学干预; 强干预; 弱干预;
英文关键词:
项目基金:

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