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代际互动与家庭凝聚力——东亚国家和地区比较研究

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英文标题:

Intergenerational Dynamics and Family Solidarity :A comparative study of mainland China , Japan , Korea and Taiwan

摘要:

文章使用2006年东亚社会调查的家庭主题调查,构建了宏观层面的社会变迁与代际互动的理论分析框架,比较、分析中国大陆、日本、韩国、台湾地区家庭凝聚力的现状、特点及相关因素的异同。模型分析结果表明,首先,现代化的进程并没有导致家庭功能的衰落,代际之间在日常照料、经济支持、情感慰藉等方面依然存在密切的互动。这些互惠行为反复且经常发生,当亲子的空间距离邻近时更是如此;其次,东亚四地在家庭凝聚力方面表现出巨大差异,在不同维度的凝聚力方面也展现出明显不同的特征:家庭凝聚力在韩国保存最强,台湾地区次之,中国大陆再次,日本最弱。这些有悖于家庭现代化理论的发现也许是尚在进行的、与现代化相抗衡的维系家庭传统的斗争,而这种斗争也许正是延续代际同住、情感联络、实际支持的强大社会压力的折射,致使在社会变革和家庭变迁面前,亲子之间的资源依赖与互补成功地延续着传统的家庭团结力量。可见,家庭凝聚力具有强大的抗逆力性和适应性,深厚的文化积淀超越了现代化的作用。 

英文摘要:

Family solidarity refers to adult child-parent relations and can be examined from structural , social-psychological , and transactional perspectives.In East Asia , the family organization has undergone substantial changes along with socioeconomic and demographic transitions in the past decades, and consequently family solidarity may have been affected.Using the 2006 East Asian Social Survey , we develop a conceptual framework of family solidarity to compare patterns of adult child-parent relations among Mainland China , Japan, Korea and Taiwan .Analytical results suggest that far from eroding , the family organization in East Asia remains strong in coresidence , emotional exchanges, and financial support between child and parental generations, despite the differences in relative strengths in these dimensions of family solidarity across the four societies.Overall, families in Korea seem to maintain the strongest cohesion , followed by those in Taiwan andMainland China , and Japanese families are the least cohesive .These results suggest a cultural force that holds the family a solidified system during rising modernization in economy and society .

作者:

杨菊华; 李路路;

作者单位: 中国人民大学人口与发展研究中心; 中国人民大学社会学系
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2009.3:26-53
中图分类号: D731
文章编号:
关键词: 现代化; 家庭凝聚力; 亲子同住; 情感联络; 代际支持;
英文关键词:
项目基金:

日本住友财团(Sumitomo Foundation)“Family Change and the Wellbeing of the Elderly:What Can China Learn from Japan”项目(No.078066)的资助

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