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The Impact of Children on Divorce Risk
Based on the data of the first wave of Chinese Family Panel Study in 2010, this paper examines the relationship between divorce risk and four children-related variables in China, which arc premarital childbearing, the number of children, children's age and gender. We find that all the four variables have significant effects on divorce risk: (1) couples who have premarital children are more likely to divorce; (2) the more children, the more stable the marriage is, but the marginal effect declines with the increase of the number of children; (3) younger children can reduce the risk of divorce more than older ones and (4) couples having boys are less likely to divorce. The findings from this research are consistent with studies conducted in other countries and suggest that children play an important role in stabilizing marriage and resolving contradictions in marriage. The authors also find that the positive effect of children on marital stability and the effect of children's gender are stronger in rural areas, which is probably due to the differences of modernization and cultural values between rural and urban areas. AH these findings imply that the change of marriage values and the decline of fertility rate are two important factors contributing to the increase of divorce rates in recent years.
许琪 于健宁 邱泽奇
|离婚风险 婚前生育 子女数量 子女年龄 子女性别 城乡差