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情理的“单一维度”与“综合维度”——从诬告案件看中国传统社会中的多层情理结构

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英文标题: “Single Dimension” and “Integrated Dimension” of Qingli: A View of the Complex Qingli Logic in Traditional Chinese Society from the False Accusation Cases
摘要:

“情理”是中国传统社会中构成人们行为逻辑的关键要素,学术界对此已有重要讨论。本文通过分析清代诉讼中的诬告案件,试图在前人基础上进一步深化。文章首先探讨人们在诉讼中对于“诬告”的理解,指出存在“有心诬告”与“非有心诬告”的区分。通过对“非有心诬告”的分析,文章进一步辨析诉讼过程中“情理”的复杂逻辑,即从“冤情”到情理的“单一维度”,再到情理的“综合维度”。这一“情理”结构既刻画了中国传统社会中人们理解和处理事情的普遍方式,也可为当代中国社会研究和发展带来启发。

英文摘要:

Qingli is a fundamental element of logic in daily conduct in traditional Chinese society, and has been thoroughly discussed by scholars. By analyzing the lawsuits on “false accusation” in Qing Dynasty, this study tries to further the discussion of Qingli. First, the study delves into people’s understanding of “false accusation”, and reveals the difference between “intentional false accusation” and “unintentional accusation”. Second, the study uncovers a complex logic of Qingli in litigation process by analyzing the cases of “unintentional accusation”, characterized as a development from “injustice” to “single dimension of Qingli”, and finally to “comprehensive dimension of Qingli”. As a universal form, the Qingli logic unveiled by this study underlies conducts and thinking in traditional Chinese society, and might bring insights into studies of contemporary Chinese society.

作者: 凌鹏
作者单位: 北京大学社会学系
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2022.5:
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 中国传统社会;诉讼;诬告;情理的单一维度;情理的综合维度
英文关键词:
项目基金:

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