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“望子成龙”何以实现?——基于父母与子女教育期望异同的分析

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英文标题: How Does “Shooting for the Stars” Come True? —From the Perspective of Consistency and Difference of Parent-Child Educational Expectation
摘要: 本文以社会认知理论和社会资本理论为基础,探究学生教育期望在“望子成龙”实现过程中的作用机制。研究发现,学生自我教育期望是实现“望子成龙”的关键,它在家庭背景和父母教育期望对子女学业表现的影响中起着显著的中介作用。家庭社会资本只有在父母与子女具有一致的高教育期望,才能通过频繁的亲子交流、亲子陪伴进行有效传递。当父母和学生教育期望不一致时,高教育期望的作用会因父母低教育期望带来的社会资本缺失,或学生低教育期望导致的社会资本不能有效传递而被削弱。
英文摘要: Based on the social cognitive theory and social capital theory, this study explores the mechanism of students’ educational expectation in the process of successfully “shooting for the stars”. The findings can be summarized as follows: Firstly, students’ self expectation plays a key role in making “shooting for the stars” come true. Students’ educational expectation not only mediated the effect of family backgrounds on students’ academic performance, but also mediated the influence of parents’ educational expectation on students’ academic performance. Secondly, when parents and children share the high educational expectations, family social capital, such as frequent parent-child communication and parent-child companionship, can significantly mediate the effect of parent-child expectations on students’ academic performance. Thirdly, the positive influence of high educational expectation will be weakened due to the lack of family social capital caused by parents’ low educational expectation, or the family social capital could not be effectively transmitted because of children’s low educational expectation, when parents’ and children’s educational expectations are different.
作者: 李佳丽、胡咏梅
作者单位: 上海师范大学国际与比较教育研究院(李佳丽);北京师范大学教育学部/首都教育经济研究基地(胡咏梅)
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2021.3:
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 父母教育期望;学生教育期望;一致性;差异;学业表现
英文关键词:
项目基金: 本文系国家社会科学基金教育学青年课题“社会分层视角下我国家庭教育投入行为研究:影响效应和理性决策分析”(课题批准号:CFA190251)的阶段性研究成果。

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