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空间理论视角下老年流动人口的社会适应

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英文标题: Contextual Change and Social Adaptation of Elderly Migrants in China
摘要: 本文从社会学空间理论出发,突出“流动”“老年”的交叠属性,检视老年流动人口的社会适应。数据分析结果发现,该群体的社会适应呈现“高心理—中行为—低文化”模式:对流入地的认同与归属感强,但行为适应不足,文化适应更难。尽管老年人的地域流动打破了物理边界,但制度边界与社会边界却未得到重构,故而造成其适应理念与客观现实之间存在巨大张力。模糊制度和社会边界、增强心理和精神空间的可达性是有效推动老年流动人口社会适应的重要着力点。
英文摘要: Drawing on the conceptual framework proposed by Henry Lefebvre, and highlighting the intersection and interplay of “population aging” and “geographic mobility”, this paper explores social adaptation of elderly migrants in China. Analytic findings from empirical data depict that elderly migrants display a pattern of “high level of psychological belonging, medium level of behavioral adaptation, low level of cultural adjustment to the host society”, i.e., strong sense of identification to the receiving society, but insufficient behavioral adaptation and even more difficult in cultural integration. The more transferrable and accessible social space and psychological space are, the higher the adaptation level will be. While geographic mobility has broken the physical boundary of space, the institutional and social boundaries have not been reconstructed, which presents tremendous tensions for adaptation. Blurring institutional and social boundaries and enhancing the availability of psychological and spiritual space are key initiatives to effectively promote the social adaptation of elderly migrants.
作者:

杨菊华

作者单位: 中央民族大学社会学系
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2021.3:
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 老年流动人口;物理空间;社会空间;精神空间;社会适应
英文关键词:
项目基金:

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