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从理想到现实:“涨价归公”的实践与困境

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英文标题: From Ideal to Reality: The Formation and Dilemma of “Price Increment Belonging to the Public”
摘要: 由地方政府垄断农村土地增值收益的制度安排被认为实现了“涨价归公”。本文认为,这一制度安排不仅不符合“涨价归公”的一般制度形态,与其类似的某些特征也是国家在实施耕地保护和城市化发展战略中所产生的制度意外。而且,这一制度安排因为内含着中央与地方博弈的空间和法律体系的冲突而具有不稳定性。一旦用“涨价归公”的话语为其正名,将使其获得价值合理性,对集体土地进行更大幅度的赋权让利改革将面临合法性困境。作为一种理论学说和社会想象,土地涨价归公话语的持续存在显示出中国土地制度转型的复杂性。
英文摘要: The institutional arrangement of monopolizing price increment of rural land by local government is considered as a realization of “price increment belonging to the public”. However, this article argues that the current land system is not in line with the general form of the system, and some of its characteristics similar to this institution are just unexpected accidents in the implementation of cultivated land protection and urbanization development strategy. Moreover, the institution is highly unstable because of the game between the central and local governments, and the conflict within the legal system. Once the institution is supported by the discourse of “price increment belonging to the public”, the new system reform of rightsbased institutional construction will face the dilemma of legitimacy. As a kind of theory and public imagination, the continuous existence of the discourse of “price increment belonging to the public” shows the complexity of the transformation of China’s land system.
作者: 郭亮
作者单位: 华中科技大学法学院
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2021.3:
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 涨价归公;土地制度;土地开发
英文关键词:
项目基金: 本文是2019年度教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目“乡村振兴战略背景下新型农村社区的土地制度创新研究”(19YJCZH042)的成果之一。

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