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经济发展特征、住房不平等与生活机会

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英文标题: Economic Development, Housing Inequality and Life Opportunities
摘要: 既有研究大多强调住房不平等是职业不平等的结果,而住房不平等并未成为社会不平等研究的核心问题。本文基于中国经济发展特征指出,在中国经济模式下,住房不仅代表着独立于职业之外的生活机会,而且已经成为影响城市居民财富、社会地位的主要因素。本文以官方统计数据、代表性调查数据对此进行了检验,研究发现:从资源获得而言,基于住房获得的财富已经超过了职业收入;从主观认知而言,住房产权也成为城市居民社会地位获得与向上流动的基础。本文为“房住不炒”、促使住房回归居住属性的住房政策提供了实证基础。
英文摘要: Existing research emphasizes housing inequality as the result of occupational inequality. As a result, housing inequality was not a core issue in the research of social inequality. This paper, however, points out that under the economic model in China, housing not only represents life opportunities independent of occupation, but also becomes an influential factor for wealth and social status acquisition of the urban residents. This paper tests the above hypotheses by analyzing official statistics and representative survey data. Analysis shows that in terms of resource acquisition, wealth acquired by housing ownership has exceeded occupational income. Moreover, according to the subjective evaluation of the urban residents, housing ownership has become the basis for social status and upward mobility. This paper lends support to housing policy that restricts the function of housing to inhabitancy instead of speculation. 
作者: 魏万青、高伟
作者单位: 广西大学公共管理学院、区域社会治理创新研究中心
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2020.4:
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 住房不平等;社会分层;生活机会;住房阶级
英文关键词:
项目基金: 本文受国家社会科学基金“生命历程视角下农民工市民化基本公共服务精准匹配机制研究”(项目号16BSH128)、广西自然科学基金“广西农民工城乡住房配置对其进城落户影响的实证研究”(项目号2018JJB180034)和广西高等学校高水平创新团队及卓越学者计划资助。

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