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“祖业”观念与民间地权秩序的构造*——基于鄂南农村调研的分析

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英文标题:

Conception of Patrimonial Estates and the Configuration of Folk Land Rights Order—A Study in Rural Southern Hubei Province

摘要: “祖业”现象在中国农村较为多见,既有研究展示了其特殊性,却并未对祖业观念嵌入后的地权结构进行有力分析。本文基于鄂南马镇的经验素材,展开贯穿观念、制度和实践的分析。祖业声索主要发生在建房、葬坟、土地征收时,争夺的是依附于土地的某种权益,依据的是祖业观念及背后的地方性规范。在村庄语境中,祖业意味着成员资格,承载了生活秩序的象征功能,村民会据此援引各种资源展开争夺。地权实践形态是各方角力的平衡结果,法律和地方性规范在其中实现复合,形塑了一种“混搭”的地权结构。它是各种不同的“业”构成的“权利束”,祖业、土地集体所有、农户承包经营等共存其中。“业”的思维不仅可以很好理解祖业嵌入后的地权结构,还可以理解日常生活中的诸多权益冲突现象,有相当的理论解释力。
英文摘要:

The phenomenon of patrimonial estates is common in rural China. It is difficult to analyze the land rights configuration embedded in the conception of patrimonial estates. Based on fieldwork in Ma Town in southern Hubei Province, this paper analyzes the relevant conceptions, institutions and practices. Patrimonial estate claims mainly occur when peasants plan to build houses or graves, or face land expropriation. It is to fight for rights and interests attached to the land, according to the idea of the patrimonial estates and local norms. In rural areas, patrimonial estate symbolizes membership, and carries the symbolic function of life order. Therefore, the peasants constantly fight for the estate. Land rights practice is often the result of efforts to balance all parties. Laws and norms are integrated to shape the land right configuration, which contains a bundle of patrimonial estates, collective ownership of rural land and operation of contracted land.

作者:

陈柏峰

作者单位: 中南财经政法大学法学院
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2020.1:194-217
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 祖业;业;地权;地方性规范
英文关键词:
项目基金:

本文受国家社会科学基金重大项目“新型城镇化建设的法治保障研究”(项目批准号:16ZDA062)、国家“万人计划”青年拔尖人才支持计划的资助。

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