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“打工诗人”的文学活动与社会适应

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英文标题:

Literary Activities and Social Adaptation of the “Migrant Poets”

摘要: 文学写作活动是个体调节自身与结构性处境之间的关系并在此过程中建构自我的方式。适应型打工诗人的文学写作呈现出三种应对处境的方式:弥补情感缺失,以修复为生活机遇而付出的损伤;通过积累文化资本脱离打工者的结构性处境,利用机遇实现上升流动;从所处境遇中暂时抽离,回避压力与限制并在精神上超越于现实处境。不同于被动同化和按需求层次递进式的社会适应,打工诗人的文学活动显示出一种具有主体性的“成长性适应”,即个体对于结构性处境一面寻求协调,一面保持张力而疏离,为了“遂其生”而“安其所”。其中的自我建构主要呈现出“小我”的形态,这一自我形态寻求经济机遇与精神情感的平衡调和,注重完整的自我发展。
英文摘要: Literary writing constitutes a way for an individual to regulate the relationship between himself and his structural situation in the process of constructing the self. Literary writing of the adapting migrant poets presents three ways to cope with their life situation: to repair the emotional damage caused by life opportunities, to accumulate cultural capital to transform the structural situation and achieve upward mobility, to temporarily withdraw from or transcend the life situation. Different from passive assimilation or needs-based progressive social adaptation, the literary activities of migrant poets demonstrate subjective “growth adaptation”. That is, individuals seek adaptation to the structural situation while maintaining a degree of tension and disengagement. The self-construction mainly presents a form of the ego, which seeks the balance of economic opportunity and spiritual emotion, aiming for self-development.
作者:

刘畅

作者单位: 武汉大学社会学院
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2019.6:115-138
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 打工诗人;文学活动;社会适应;结构性处境;自我建构
英文关键词:
项目基金:

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