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职业是如何影响健康的?——基于2012年中国劳动力动态调查的实证研究

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英文标题:

Occupational Status, Working Conditions and Health: Evidence from the 2012 China Labor Force Dynamic Survey

摘要: 本文通过分析2012年中国劳动力动态调查(CLDS2012)数据,探讨了中国社会中不同职业群体之间的健康不平等问题。研究发现,不同职业群体在自评健康、工伤、职业病等方面均存在显著差异:低职业地位群体自评健康状况更差,发生工伤的可能性更高;高职业地位群体倾向于报告更多的职业病困扰,自评健康的职业差异在非国有/集体单位中尤为突出。利用KHB方法进行效应分解的结果显示,一系列具体的工作状况,包括加班劳动、工作环境和职业危害、工作要求和控制、工作获得感等,是职业影响健康的重要介导机制。
英文摘要: This study investigates the association between occupational status and health inequality in the working population by analyzing data from the 2012 China Labor Force Dynamics Survey (CLDS2012). Results show that individual health varies substantially by occupational status, including self-rated general health, work-related injury and occupational disease. Low occupational status is associated with poorer self-rated health and more incidences of work-related injuries, while people with high occupational status report more occupational diseases. Further analysis indicates that working condition is the main mediator between occupational status and individual health. Based on results from the KHB decomposition, the disparities in working conditions, including working overtime, environment and occupational hazards, demand and control, as well as perceived rewards, account for about half of the effect of occupation status on individual health.
作者:

梁童心、齐亚强、叶华

作者单位: 中国人民大学社会与人口学院(梁童心、齐亚强);中山大学社会学与人类学学院(叶华)
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2019.4:193-217
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 职业;工作状况;健康不平等;效应分解
英文关键词:
项目基金:

本研究得到中国人民大学2018年度“中央高校建设世界一流大学(学科)和特色发展引导专项资金”的支持。

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