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制度环境与治理需要如何塑造中国官场的酒文化——基于县域官员饮酒行为的实证研究

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英文标题:

How Did Institutional Environment and Local Governance Shape the Drinking Culture of Chinese Cadres—An Empirical Study on County-level Cadres’ Drinking Behavior

摘要: 为什么中国官场会形成独特的酒文化?在正式制度禁止、频繁严打,许多官员自己也不情愿的情况下,官场酒风为何还具有生命力?基于2011-2015年作者在全国多地进行的观察和访谈,本研究认为,当前中国地方治理存在金字塔科层结构的信息不足、治理任务非制度化、组织激励不足三个困境,而饮酒行为发挥了构建信任、提供激励的作用,部分缓解了以上困境,提升了治理绩效。换言之,官场酒桌一定程度上不是破坏了制度系统,恰恰是应制度环境本身需要而产生的。它通过嵌入治理过程弥补了正式制度的不足,并因此具有生命力。近年来,反“四风”遏制了官场酒风,大幅降低了相关费用,提升了工作效率。不过,根治官场酒风还需要通过提升治理制度化水平、构建补偿和激励制度以改善整体治理环境。
英文摘要: Based on observation and interviews conducted from 2011 to 2015, this paper argues that the drinking culture among Chinese cadres were shaped by three dilemmas in Chinese local governance, including information deficiency caused by the pyramid hierarchy structure, non-institutionalization of governance task, and the lack of organizational incentive. The embeddedness of the drinking behavior played a role in trust-building and providing incentives, thus was able to promote governance performance. In other words, the drinking culture did not violate the formal institution, but made up to the defections of the formal institution. In recent years, the “Anti-four winds” campaign successfully constrained the drinking culture, reduced public cost and improved government efficiency. Yet the eradication of the drinking culture needs further improvement of the governance environment, especially the institutionalization of governance and establishment of compensation and incentive mechanism.
作者:

强舸

作者单位: 中央党校党建部
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2019.4:170-192
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 官场;酒文化;地方治理;组织激励
英文关键词:
项目基金:

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