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族群精英与近代中国的边疆秩序——以民国时期的康巴精英格桑泽仁为个案

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英文标题:

Ethnic Elites and the Frontier Order of Modern China: A Case Study on Khamspa Elite Kalsang Tsering during the Republican Era

摘要: 在中国从帝国体制向“民族国家”体制的转型中,边疆秩序的重塑是一个重要维度。始于晚清的“边疆一体化”改革对边疆社会的权力体系造成了冲击,导致少数族群精英分化为新、旧两类。“旧式精英”是传统的贵族阶层,“新式精英”则是通过接受新式教育而崛起的非贵族力量。本研究提出了一个结构性分析框架,对这一精英分化与演进的过程进行分析,并以此框架为工具,以历史社会学的个案研究方法对典型的少数族群精英人物康巴人格桑泽仁的政治行为、边政主张和身份困境等问题进行考察。在此基础上,本文的学术关旨将落脚于对现代中国边疆秩序形成过程中的结构性特征,即一体化的理想与多元化的现实间紧张关系的讨论。
英文摘要: The rebuilding of the frontier order is an important dimension during China transformation from an empire to a nation-state. The frontier integration project starting from late Qing Dynasty initiated great changes of the authority systems in frontier societies and led to a new-type of ethnic elites coming into being who were not nobles by birth but received modern education and were authorized by the central government. This paper focuses on these new elites and takes Kalsang Tsering, a Khamspa elite, as an example. Through a thorough analysis of his political career and his views and perspectives on frontier issues, this paper intends to provide a thorough discussion on the structural features of modern China’s frontier order, which is manifested by the tension between the ideal for integration and the reality of diversity.
作者:

王娟

作者单位: 北京大学社会学系
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2019.2:195-218
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 边疆;族群精英;民国时期;康巴;格桑泽仁
英文关键词:
项目基金:

本文为国家社会科学基金项目“民国时期西康省的政权建设、族群关系与刘文辉的边疆策略研究”(14CSH066)的阶段性成果。

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