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留守经历与性别劳动分化——基于农民工输出地和打工地的实证研究

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英文标题:

Left-behind Experiences and the Formation of Gender Division of Labor:An Empirical Study Based on Fieldwork at Sites of Origin and Destination for Migrants

摘要: 基于对农民工输出地和打工工业区的田野调查,本研究发现,留守经历导致留守儿童性别劳动分化,即留守女孩必须承担一系列再生产劳动,留守男孩则很少参与劳动并将闲暇用于玩游戏。现行劳动体制一方面向留守家庭转嫁再生产劳动,另一方面又强化了农民工家庭的性别权力,将再生产劳动性别化为女性劳动;为应对家庭再生产劳动困境,留守老人和打工家长基于该性别权力模式,促成了留守儿童的性别劳动分化。留守提前形塑了性别化的劳动习惯,为新生代农民工的性别劳动分化奠定了根基。
英文摘要: Based on fieldwork conducted at sites of origin and destination for migrants in southern China, this paper finds that left-behind experiences lead to the formation of gender division of labor. Left-behind girls are forced to participate in extensive reproductive labor, while left-behind boys indulgent themselves in leisure activities. This gender division of labor between left-behind children is caused by intervention from both left-behind grandparents and migrant parents in the context of the family reconfiguration. Labor migration transfers the burden of labor reproduction to family members who are left-behind, and reconstructs gender power relations of the migrant family, defining the reproductive labor as women’s labor. This finding highlights that through the intersection of the migrant labor regime and patriarchal migrant family, left-behind experiences advance and shape the gendered labor habits and attitudes in childhood, preparing the foundation of further gender division of labor when the younger generation becomes the new generation of migrant workers.
作者:

王欧

作者单位: 清华大学社会学系
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2019.2:123-146
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 留守经历;劳动体制;性别权力;再生产劳动;新生代农民工
英文关键词:
项目基金:

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