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“低治理权”与基层购买公共服务困境研究

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英文标题:

“Limited Rights of Governance” and the Dilemma of Public Service Purchase by Local Governments in China

摘要: 政府向社会组织购买服务是中国治理创新的重要导向。虽然有理念、政策和财政的支持,但公共服务外包仍然面临多重困境。本研究从国家治理结构的角度,通过对某社会组织承接公共服务过程的案例分析,探讨购买公共服务在基层社区产生困境的原因。在当前治理体系中,基层组织处于低治理权的结构位置,被动应对自上而下的多重任务。因此,作为最基层的单位,社区采取综合治理的方式调动资源拼凑应对。社会组织承接服务是专业化治理的运作逻辑,在落地实施的过程中与社区组织产生矛盾。两种治理逻辑的张力是购买公共服务产生困境的根本原因。同时本文还指出,低治理权及其产生的治理问题不仅限于基层购买公共服务,在其他领域的公共治理中也普遍存在。
英文摘要: In today’s China,to purchase public service from social organizations by the government is a form of governance innovation. Supported by good ideas, policy and finance, the outsourcing of public service nevertheless faces many difficulties. By investigating the process of a social organization undertaking public service, this paper discusses the reasons underlying the dilemma of public service purchase in the local community from the perspective of state governance. In the current governance system, local organizations are positioned in a role with limited rights of public administration,while having to handle multiple tasks passed down to them. As a result, as the lowest level of public organizations, the community employs comprehensive governance strategy to cope with the stress. In comparison, the purchase of public service from social organization is based on a professional governance pattern, which contradicts the local community’s governance pattern in the process of undertaking public service. The tension between these two patterns of governance is the key factor behind the dilemma in public service outsourcing. Moreover, limited rights of governance and its consequences are not confined to the purchase of public services at the local level, but prevalent in other areas of public governance.
作者:

陈家建、赵阳

作者单位: 中山大学社会学与人类学学院
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2019.1:132-155
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 购买公共服务;低治理权;综合性治理;专业性治理
英文关键词:
项目基金:

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