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民营企业家如何组织起来?——基于广东工商联系统商会组织的分析

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英文标题:

How Are Private Entrepreneurs Organized? A Study Based on the Business Associations Affiliated with Guangdong FIC

摘要: 国家管控被认为是影响社会组织化的关键因素。然而,现实和理论都揭示了我们需要超越自主性命题,探求社会组织化的其他机制。本文基于对组织化概念的多维度操作化,通过对广东工商联系统商会组织的案例和问卷分析发现:第一,集体行动逻辑以及自主性的逻辑难以完全解释商会的组织化程度差异,组织资源对于商会组织化有重要影响,国家、市场与人际缘网络将企业家组织起来;第二,商会的活跃度与会员性有不同逻辑,组织资源本身并不能解决商会的会员性问题,精英俱乐部型商会活跃度高而会员性低;第三,商会的会员性再造仍需其内部组织规则的完善,商会的组织资源需与商会内生的组织规则相辅相成,才能最终推动商会组织化的发展。
英文摘要: The state control has long been considered to disorganize the Chinese society. Recent studies show that variables other than state control need to be explored. With the case study and questionnaire analysis of the business associations affiliated with Guangdong Federation of Industry and Commerce, this article has the following arguments. Firstly, neither collective action nor state control can explain the variation of business organization. By contrast, whether a business association enjoy enough resources is a key issue. Government connections, market resources and fellow villager network all contribute to the business organizations. Secondly, the degree of activity is different from the membership of the business associations and they are supported by different factors; even if they have enough resources, the business associations are hard to be accountable to their members. Thirdly, institutions which aim to organize the members can promote the membership of business associations. These institutions with the resources can eventually promote the organization of business interests.
作者:

黄冬娅、张华

作者单位: 中山大学政治与公共事务管理学院、山东大学公共治理研究院(黄冬娅);广西民族大学政治与公共管理学院(张华)
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2018.4:28-55
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 商会;行业协会;异地商会;工商联;组织化
英文关键词:
项目基金:

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