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宗教信仰的代际传递:基于台湾地区的数据分析

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英文标题: Transmission of Religious Affiliation across Generations: The case of Taiwan
摘要:

基于台湾社会变迁调查数据(1999-2009),本文描述并分析了我国台湾地区宗教信仰在父母与子女间的代际传递模式,并以此为出发点来讨论基督教传统之外宗教流动的模式与逻辑。本文有四点主要发现:首先,信仰的代际传递存在着明显的性别差异和宗教(教派)差异。整体而言,母亲对子女的信仰选择影响较大。但对基督徒家庭而言,父亲对子女的影响更大。当父母信仰相同时,该信仰的传递性显著增强。其次,不同宗教的传递能力存在显著差异。道教的传递能力更强,这与西方理论对于弱组织性宗教传递率低的预期相悖。再次,不同宗教之间的距离影响着子辈信徒的流动模式。基督教与其他宗教之间的距离最大,而无宗教信仰与其他宗教间的距离最小。最后,台湾地区的社会变迁历史造就了不同信仰在时期、世代和年龄分布上的明显差异。

英文摘要: This article describes and analyzes the patterns of religious transmission between parents and children in Taiwan. It discusses the logic and trend of religious mobility beyond Christianity. Firstly, gender and affiliation strongly shape the trajectory of religious transmission. Generally, mothers have stronger influence on children’s religious retainment. Yet in Christian families, such influence is not as salient as fathers’. Secondly, different religious affiliations are associated with divergent transmission capacities. Unlike the low prospect of religious transmission for weakly organized religions depicted by western theories, this paper argues that Taoism has greater transmission capacity than others. Thirdly, distance between religions has an identifiable effect on the religious mobility of the next generation. Christianity shows the largest distance from the others, whereas non-religiousness shows the smallest distance. Fourthly, social and historical transitions of the Taiwanese society forge religions’ characteristics in period, cohort, and age distribution.
作者:

刘子曦

作者单位: 厦门大学社会学与社会工作系
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2017.1:193-216
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 宗教信仰;代际传递;性别;宗教距离
英文关键词:
项目基金:

本研究受厦门大学繁荣哲学社会科学项目资助。

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