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燕京社会学派因何独特?——以费孝通《江村经济》为例

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英文标题:

What Makes a Unique Peking Sociology? Fei Xiaotong’s Peasant Life in China as an Example

摘要: 本文以《江村经济》为例,回答两个相互关联的问题:第一,农工混合是一种独特的中国道路“模式”,还是历史条件限定下的经济形态?第二,燕京社会学派的真正角色,是否是提出这一“本土模式”的工业化发展道路?本文指出,农工混合的经济形态与一系列社会基础条件的状况有关,《江村经济》采用当时国际社科学界公认的分析逻辑,开启了一种不同于传统治学的方式来认识中国的经验现实。故燕京学派作为社会学群体的角色,以现代社会学及人类学在中国的开创建设来概括更准确。其主要特点与其说是本土化道路的提出,不如说是研究角色、议题、方法及目标的转换。
英文摘要: Taking Peasant Life in China as an example, this paper answers two related questions. Firstly, is the mixture of agriculture and industry a unique model of the Chinese practice, or an economic form constrained by specific historical conditions? Secondly, is it the role of the Peking Sociology to introduce such localized model for industrial development? This paper argues that the economic form of a mixed agriculture and industry is related to a series of fundamental social conditions. Peasant Life in China utilized an internationally recognized analytical logic to understand the realities of China, which differs from the traditional Chinese scholarship. Thus, the role of the Peking sociology is to initiate and develop modern sociology and anthropology in China. Rather than introducing localized practice, the main feature of Peking Sociology is a transition of the role, topics, methods, and goals of Sociological research.
作者:

张静

作者单位: 北京大学社会学系
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2017.1:24-30
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 乡土工业;独特模式;燕京学派;群体角色
英文关键词:
项目基金:

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