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有儿子的母亲更传统吗?——儿子和女儿对父母性别意识形态的影响

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英文标题:

Are Mothers of Sons More Traditional? The Influence of Having Son(s)and Daughter(s)on Parents’Gender Ideology

摘要:

随着现代社会的发展以及女性主义的兴起,社会性别和性别意识形态逐渐受到当代社会科学研究者的重视。父母对孩子的影响已得到广泛的关注,但近年来的研究证据显示,孩子也能够影响父母的社会观念与社会态度。本研究以CGSS2013数据为样本,探讨子女及其性别是否能对父母的性别意识形态产生影响。结果发现,子女数量能够显著影响父母(尤其是母亲)的性别意识形态;是否有儿子对父母性别意识形态的影响受到母亲身份的调节,并且有儿子能显著增强母亲对传统主义性别意识形态的认同。这一发现对于理解中国父权制度文化影响下的子女性别与父母性别意识形态的关系问题提供了直接、具体的证据。

英文摘要:

Gender and gender ideology have gained increasing attention from researchers in contemporary social sciences. In recent years, some research evidence also indicates that children can affect parents’social value and social attitudes. Based on the sample from CGSS2013 data(N=8339), this study aims to explore whether children’s gender can influence the gender ideology of their parents. Results show that the number of children can significantly influence the gender ideology of their parents, especially for mothers. The influence of having son(s)on parents’ gender ideology is significantly moderated by the gender of parents. For mothers, having son(s)can significantly enhance their identity for traditional disposition of gender ideology. The findings help understand the relationship between children ‘s gender and their parents’gender ideology in China.

作者:

孙晓冬、赖凯声

作者单位: 南开大学社会学系(孙晓冬) 中山大学传播与设计学院(赖凯声)
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2016.2:194-216
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 性别意识形态;子女性别;男孩偏好;性别分工;儒家文化;
英文关键词:
项目基金:

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