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当代中国人公民意识的测量初探

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英文标题:

An Assessment of Citizenship

摘要: 公民是公民社会的基石,公民性的测量将可以提供对现代中国人政治、社会行为的解释以及对人群的分类,以便预测他们的社会行为及其变化轨迹。然而,什么样的行为属于公民行为?公民具有什么样的心理特质?本研究试图以调查数据为基础,对中国人的公民性测量工具的编制提出基本构想,即从两个维度来测量公民性取向:(1)倾向于关注公共事物与利益的程度,(2)以契约权利方式处理公私矛盾的程度;从而区分四种原型:(1)高公共性且高契约性取向,表现为典型的公民行为;(2)高公共性且低契约性取向,表现为典型的臣民行为;(3)低公共性且高契约性取向,表现为典型的消费者或商人行为(或曰市场行为);(4)低公共性且低契约性取向,表现为典型的熟人或自己人行为。本文还报告了该量表的信度和效度。
英文摘要:

The citizen is the foundation of civil society. Therefore , the measurement of citizenship will help to interpret the political and social behavior of the Chinese people in the contemporary world and to classify them, so asto forecast their behavior as well as the track of their changes .But who counts as citizen in China?What are the key psychological dispositions or characteristics of Chinese citizen? The goal of the current research is to provide an alternative theoretical framework for assessing the concept of citizenship in China from social psychological perspective , which consists of two dimensions:(1)The degree of concerning public affairs ;(2)the degree of dealing with the conflict between public and private interests by means of contractual right. Based on the two dimensions, four prototypes were distinguished :(1)High public and high contractual orientation , as typical citizen behavior;(2)high public and low contractual orientation , as typical subject behavior;(3)low public and high contractual orientation , as typical businessman or consumer behavior;and (4)low public and low contractual orientation , as typical traditional Chinese in-group member (zijiren)behavior.This paper also reports the reliability and validities of the measurement .

作者:

?杨宜音;

作者单位: 中国社会科学院社会学研究所;
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2008.2:54-68
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 公民意识; 公民性; 心理测量;
英文关键词:
项目基金: 国家社科基金项目“重建的公共空间:变迁中的公共性与社区公共参与研究”(2004-2007)课题的部分成果

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