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中国社会阶级阶层研究二十年

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英文摘要:

In research on social stratification that has alw ays been a hot and difficult issue in sociology for 20 years .Tw o g reat changes in social structure , being caused by the founding of the People' s Republic of China in 1994 .Refo rm and opening up beg an in 1978 , have generally been taken as a macro-perspective .A consensus about the basic features of benefits structure in China's society finds expression in the viewpoints, “it is the power that seizes and ‘redistributes' the social resources” .The secondary institutional management such as status systems and unite systems have resulted in the separation of the city from the countryside and the apparent differences among three important status g roups,“cadres”, “workers”, and ”peasants” .As for research on social status since the beginning of the reform ,somebody points out that there are currently three relationship modes of the allocation of social resources, namely , power-g ranting relationship , market exchange relatio nship , social relationship netw orks .Some scholars hold that althoug ht the reform and opening up broug ht about the sig nificant differentiation and reconstruction of social status structure fully expressed in the generation of new benefits groups, such as the private enterprises owners, white-collar groups, yet status groups with clear bounds,structure and stratification have not formed .

作者:

张宛丽

作者单位: 中国社会科学院社会学研究所 助理研究员;
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2000.1:24-39
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关键词: 阶级阶层; 社会结构; 十年; 社会分层结构; 中国社会分层; 社会管理者; 私营企业主阶层; 私营企业家; 社会利益分化; 孙立平;
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