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下岗职工的再就业服务和求职行为——上海的案例研究

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英文摘要:

The purpose of this study was to describe the basic features of two major variables and to irvestigate the relationship between them .The first is the reemployment services accepted by Xiagang Zhigong , the unemployed workers with Chinese characteristics .The second one is the job seeking behaviors .A questionnaire survey was used to gather data .It was found that the reemployment services Xiagang Zhigong got were not sufficient and that most of them got nothing .Concerning their job seeking behaviors, informal contacts were most frequently used to find jobs, followed by formal channels through the government and direct applicationsfor jobs by themselves .In addition , it was found that the more reemployment services Xiagang Zhigong obtained , the more likely they would start more job seeking behaviors .Some valuable information was found in the study .Unlike their counterparts in the west , reemployment services in China were designed to meet the needs for reemployment ,while psychological needs were neglected .Compared with the unemployed in western countries,Xiagang Zhigong were less likely to find jobs in the market .Social support theory ,systems theory and empowerment were useful in explaining the job seeking process of Xiagang Zhigong .Finally , recommendations were made for Xiagang Zhigong , service agencies and government .

作者:

顾东辉

作者单位: 复旦大学社会学系 副教授; 博士;
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2001.4:22-31
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关键词: 再就业服务; 下岗职工; 求职技巧; 职业咨询; 再就业工程; 案例研究; 背景特征; 峰度系数; 变量关系; 工作实务;
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