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Based on a 1996 sampling survey data(n=754) collected in Wuhan , Hubei , PRC , this paper explores people' s strata consciousness in urban China during the transformation era . Findings from statistical analysis suggest that most urban residents have clear perception of social stratification .Stratification in urban society is mainly perceived as an economic as well as a power hierarchy ,while occupation is not considered as the core indicator of stratification as it is in some west societies . Contemporary urban China is socially neither a status society based on family background nor “class society”of Marx' s definition .It is also found that urban residents in Wuhan tend to identify with middle-lower strata on economic dimension ,with middle-upper strata on prestige dimension , and with lower-bottom strata on power dimension ,which suggest“an inclination of social-prestige climbing” on the one hand and “a sense of relative deprivation of power” on the other .While the identifications on the three dimensions are highly correlated , economic status indentification is most important to people' s identification of their overall socio-economic status .
|关键词：||转型期中国； 阶级关系； 中国社会分层； 分层标准； 社会经济地位； 城市居民； 社会不平等； 社会阶层结构； 理论模型； 社会阶级；|