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转型期中国大陆城市居民的阶层意识

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英文摘要:

Based on a 1996 sampling survey data(n=754) collected in Wuhan , Hubei , PRC , this paper explores people' s strata consciousness in urban China during the transformation era . Findings from statistical analysis suggest that most urban residents have clear perception of social stratification .Stratification in urban society is mainly perceived as an economic as well as a power hierarchy ,while occupation is not considered as the core indicator of stratification as it is in some west societies . Contemporary urban China is socially neither a status society based on family background nor “class society”of Marx' s definition .It is also found that urban residents in Wuhan tend to identify with middle-lower strata on economic dimension ,with middle-upper strata on prestige dimension , and with lower-bottom strata on power dimension ,which suggest“an inclination of social-prestige climbing” on the one hand and “a sense of relative deprivation of power” on the other .While the identifications on the three dimensions are highly correlated , economic status indentification is most important to people' s identification of their overall socio-economic status .

作者:

刘欣;

作者单位: 香港中文大学社会学系 博士研究生;
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2001.3:8-17
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文章编号:
关键词: 转型期中国; 阶级关系; 中国社会分层; 分层标准; 社会经济地位; 城市居民; 社会不平等; 社会阶层结构; 理论模型; 社会阶级;
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