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城市居民社会网络的阶层构成

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英文摘要:

This paper analyzes the ego-centered social network composition of urban dwellers in China from a social class perspective .A random sample (n =1004 )questionnaire survey was conducted in the city areas of Beijing in the summer of 2000 .The discussion name-generator approach was employed to measure people' s social network structures .Social class positions were divided into four levels on the basis of occupation , property rights, authority and skill :(1)professional administrator, (2)white collar , (3)small proprietor, and (4)working class .Results reveal that a person' s social position affects the class composition of his her social networks .In Beijing , the class compositions of the professionals administrators and the working class people are less heterogeneous than those of the white collar workers and small proprietors .People in all classes tend to make in-group choices, i .e ., selecting discussion network members of similar class status .Compared to the working class people , however, the professionals administrators have a stronger tendency to maintain a closured social network while the small proprietors are more likely to form cross-class networks .These findings can be explained by the relatively low degree of differentiation in China' s social class structure and by the opportunities and constraints faced by people in the different classes .

作者:

张文宏,李沛良,阮丹青

作者单位: 上海大学社会学系; 香港中文大学社会学系; 香港浸会大学社会学系 教授、上海高校社会学E研究院特聘研究员; 博士; 讲座教授; 副教授; 博士;
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2004.6:1-10
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 专业行政管理; 社会网络; 网络成员; 城市居民; 社会阶级; 社会距离; 社会结构; 分层标准; 对数线性分析; 选择倾向;
英文关键词:
项目基金: 该成果是李沛良教授主持的“香港和北京社会网络与健康比较研究”项目 (受香港特别行政区研究资助局资助 ,编号为CUHK413 5 99H)的一部分。

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