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从平均到公正:中国社会政策的演进

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英文标题:
摘要:

就中国的社会政策体系化建立而言 ,需要做的事情很多 ,其中一项必不可少的重要内容就是应当对 建国以来中国社会政策的基本发展脉络 、基本特征以及基本走向进行必要的梳理和分析 。应当看到,建 国50 多年来, 基于特定的时代背景和理念依据, 中国在社会政策方面进行过许多有益的探索和努力 ,积 累了大量的经验和教训。因此 ,认真分析、总结这些经验和教训对于我们制定系统、有效而且是具有现 代意义的社会政策大有裨益。

英文摘要:

Different understanding of justice will inevitably result in different social policies under different social backgrounds .During the 30 years before opening up to the outside world , China made and implemented many social policies of great significance .The time-specific conditions and its corresponding understanding of justice lead to some obvious characteristics and inadequaciesin the social policies of that time including over-equalitarianism , over-focus on the basic civil rights in terms of the basic living securities, abnormalities, non-public orientation nature of the policy .Ever since the opening up , the basic ideas underlying China' s social policies underwent drastic changes, which brought about significant progress in China' s corresponding social policies .However, China' s social policies still have some inadequacies in this period , for example , the extremely unbalanced status of social policies in terms of advanced economic policies, the inadequacy of integration and systemization of social policies, the undernormality of social policies and the large gap between “what should be” and “what is” .

作者:

吴忠民;

作者单位: 中共中央党校社会学教研室 教授;
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2004.1:75-89
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 社会政策; 社会保障政策; 社会福利; 城市居民; 社会动员; 计划生育政策; 福利事业; 劳动保险制度; 救助政策; 生活困难补助;
英文关键词:
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