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从国家主义到法团主义——中国市场转型过程中国家与专业团体关系的演变

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英文标题:

From Statism to Corporatism:Changes in the relationship between the state and professional associations in the transition to market economics in China

摘要: 专业性社团已经成为中国公民社会的重要组成部分。根据北京大学公民社会团体研究中心的调查 ,作者发现 :由于国家的卷入 ,专业性社团的自主性尚未得到充分发展。在具有法团主义特征的社团监管体系下 ,专业性社团享有垄断地位。绝大多数专业性社团是以自上而下的方式形成的 ,也就是所谓“由组织出面组建” ;虽然国家不再为专业性社团提供财务支持 ,但业务主管单位通过领导人选择有效地控制着专业性社团的活动。为了能够继续维持其垄断性地位 ,专业性社团大多也不积极寻求社团自主性的强化。由于国家主义的遗产 ,国家与专业性团体的这种法团主义式关系 ,并不像许多人认为的那样 ,是一种过渡性形态。值得注意的问题是 ,在这样一种大的制度框架中 ,国家与社会相互增权的新理念和新模式是否能够得到发展 ,并且进一步推动中国的社团空间向社会法团主义转化 ?
英文摘要:

Professional associations have become an important part of an emerging civil society in China.The expansion of professional autonomy , however, is still dragged by intensive state involvement.The regulatory system over all kinds of associations is characterized by state corporatism.In any socioeconomic field , only one association is allowed to register and monopoly is granted.The vast majority of professional associations are formed from above , and all are affiliated by a supervisory body , normally a stateowned organization.The supervisory body imposes effective control over affiliated associations through involvement in selection of leaders.The heavy dependence of professional associations upon the state is also favored by associations themselves as they could continue to enjoy existing monopolized status.The corporatist pattern of the stateprofessional relationship may not be transitional in nature due to strong legacy of statism in China.Nevertheless it is worth watching if state corporatism would transform itself into societal corporatism as a new approach of state-society mutual empowerment is embraced by Chinese actors.

作者:

顾昕,王旭

作者单位: 北京师范大学社会发展与公共政策研究所; 中国发展研究基金会;
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2005.2:155-175
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 专业性社团; 公民社会; 法团主义; 国家与社会相互增权;
英文关键词:
项目基金:

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