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中国传统财产继承背后的文化逻辑——家系主义

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英文标题:

Stirpism:The cultural principle behind the traditional Chinese family inheritance system

摘要: 中国传统的家庭制度是中国文化传统的核心内容,因此是理解中国传统性的关键,而财产制度则是家庭制度中最重要的内容。家庭经济体的性质是学者们长期争论不休的问题。笔者认为,学者们不能达成共识的原因,是没有首先澄清中国传统社会拥有家产和宗祧的主体是什么。通过对家庭财产的代际传递中一子和多子的区别的考察,本文提出在中国传统社会拥有财产和宗祧的主体是家系。中国传统家庭处理家庭财产和宗祧问题时所采取的原则是家系主义。运用家系的概念可以弥合学者们对中国传统家庭经济体性质的争论,家系主义则是隐藏在中国传统家庭制度背后的文化逻辑。家系主义原则对于目前农村的社会生活仍然产生着广泛而深刻的影响。对于传统家庭制度的理解将有助于对中国传统性的理解。
英文摘要:

Family system has been the central institution of the Chinese tradition with property system being its most important component .Thus property system is the key to understand the Chinese tradition.Scholars have been arguing with each other for a long time on the nature of the Chinese family as an economic entity.The author argues that all these disputes origin from the scholars' not being able to clarify the bearer of the family property rights.By observing the different inheritance practices between families with one son and those with more sons, the author proposes that the bearer of the family property rights be stirp and the principle behind traditional Chinese inheritance practice be stirpism .The principles of stirpism are still playing an important role in the contemporary social life in the rural areas.This new concept would provide a deeper understanding of the Chinese tradition .

作者:

高永平;

作者单位: 首都师范大学历史系;
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2006.3:167-187
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 传统性; 家系; 家系主义;
英文关键词:
项目基金:

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