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应答率的意义及其他——对中国“高”调查回收率的另一种解读

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英文标题:

The Significance of Response Rates and Others: Another explanation to “high” response rates for Chinese social survey

摘要: 本文是对《高回收率更好吗?》一文的商榷。"高文"对中国社会调查回收率的批评是误读样本规模的结果,由此对中国社会调查质量的质疑也缺乏足够的事实依据。目前国内几次大规模社会调查的应答率,与国外同类调查差异不大。但目前在国内的社会调查研究中,对无应答及相关偏误重视得不够,许多学者也没有将应答率作为评估调查质量中的指标加以报告。因此,清楚地界定应答率的含义,完善提升应答率的方法,应该成为提高当前国内调查研究水平的重要任务之一。 
英文摘要:

This is a response to the critique of the paper “ Is It Really Better to Have Higher Response Rates?” published earlier in this journal.The author demonstratesin the present article that the previous critique was based on misunderstanding of the key concept of survey research :the sample size.This fundamental misunderstanding invalidates the central arguments made in that earlier article , including the critique to the Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS).This paper presents evidence showing that several recent large- scale social surveys yield similar response rates.I argue that the issue of low response rate has not attracted adequate attentions from survey researchers.Survey researchers in China are facing very different social reality from 10 years ago , when response rate was a trivial issue.As it is getting increasingly difficult to get adequate cooperation from respondents, especially urban respondents, it is the time for us to give some serious thoughts on the issue of low response rate and try to work collectively and creatively on possible solutions.

作者:

郝大海;

作者单位: 中国人民大学社会学系;
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2007.6:180-194
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 社会调查; 样本规模; 调查回收率; 应答率;
英文关键词:
项目基金: 国家社科基金项目“社会主义初级阶段社会公正研究:中国城市居民地位获得:1949-2003”(07BSH017)的研究成果之一。

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