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草根志愿组织与村民自治困境的破解:从村庄社会的双层结构中看问题

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英文标题:

To Overcome the Difficulty of Village Self-governance through the Development of Grassroots Voluntary Organization :Understanding the bi-layer structure in the village society

摘要: 本文试图通过理论与实证资料来阐述村庄社会内部实际上存在着两个层面,其一是由村民组成的"草根"社会;其二是由草根社会中产生出来并位居更高一层的自我治理组织。草根社会中含有一些关键性的社会学变量,如社区发育程度、社会资本储量、志愿组织的多寡等,当这些变量取低值时,草根社会呈"贫瘠"状态。在理论上,一个贫瘠的社会将无法保证人们在村庄政治中的参与,因而难以产生出有效的自治组织,于是,村庄社会的两个层面破裂开来。从这两个层面的关系中我们能够发现村民自治困境的根源以及破解之道,这就是通过发展草根社会中的志愿组织,促使草根社会与村庄政治的弥合。
英文摘要:

With both theoretical and practical information, this article attempts to demonstrate that there exits a bi-layer structure inside the village society of China, that is, grassroots society consists of villagers and a higher level self-governance organization growing out of the grassroots society.If the related sociological variables of grassroots society , such as community development level, social capital reserves, and the number of voluntary organizations have low values, the grassroots society will be considered in a barren condition.Theoretically a barren society cannot guarantee people to participate in village politics, thus making it difficult to produce effective self-governance organizations . As a result , the two layers of the village society will be broken apart .The solution to the difficulty of villager self-governance exists in understanding the relationship between the two layers in the village society , and promoting the coalition of grassroots society and village politics by developing the voluntary ogranizations in the grassroots society .

作者:

陶传进;

作者单位: 北京师范大学社会发展与公共政策研究所;
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2007.5:133-147
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 村民自治; 草根志愿组织; 双层结构;
英文关键词:
项目基金:

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