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佛教寺院经济及其影响初探

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英文标题:

Religion and Economic Life:A Weberian approach to the Buddhist monastic economy in China

摘要: 本文以宗教与经济生活的关系为基本视角,考察了中国中古时期佛教寺院经济的内容、规模和经营方式,指出在其物质化的外表之下包含着宗教的理念,而且,通过积极参与社会公益事业,寺院经济在宗教上的正当性得到了保障,体现并传播了佛教的基本伦理原则。本文以中古佛教的经济经营与社会影响为核心,剖析了其宗教性的特征,为进一步综合研究中国社会经济的演进提供了初步的框架。 
英文摘要:

This article provides a preliminary study of the Buddhist monastic economy in medieval China , focusing on religion and economic life , one of the main themes of Max Weber' s works from the famous treatise on Protestant ethic to the comparative-historical study of world civilizations .Based on this theoretical position, this article explains how the economic endeavors and religious ideas could co-exist in Buddhism, and one distinctive aspect of the Buddhist monastic economy was the charity practice , through which the idea of Givings and Merits was widely spread .Chinese Buddhism then runs as a religion of society , an autonomous sphere unifying all class of Chinese under the passion of salvation . This article also aims at constructing a Buddhist economic ethic that could be a possible mechanism to explain the evolution of Chinese society.

作者:

何蓉;

作者单位: 中国社会科学院社会学研究所;
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2007.4:75-92
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 佛教寺院经济; 社会的宗教; 布施—功德观;
英文关键词:
项目基金: 教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地基金资助项目的前期成果,项目批准号06JJD840001

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