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农民上访与政治信任的流失

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英文标题:

Farmers' Petition and Erosion of Political Trust in Government

摘要: 本文探讨了农民上访与政府信任流失之间的关系。问卷调查数据的因子分析结果表明,农民对不同层次政府的信任可分为两个因子:农民对党中央国务院和省委省政府信任的“高层政府信任因子”和对市委市政府、县委县政府以及乡党委乡政府信任的“基层政府信任因子”。农民对高层政府的信任度较高,但对基层政府的信任度却偏低。多元回归分析表明,除性别、年龄、政治效能感等因素对政治信任的影响具有显著性外,上访对政治信任的流失具有很大影响:上访者到达政府层次每提高一级,其对政府的信任就减少一个档次。作者认为,现有的信访制度有其根本的缺陷,但要从根本上解决问题,改革不能仅限于信访制度本身,还应从更广的范围考虑解决问题的办法,即一方面要建立农民利益的有效表达机制,另一方面要有健全的制度切实保障农民的利益。
英文摘要:

Based on survey data , this paper explores the relationship between farmers' petition and erosion of political trust in government in China.Factor analysis shows that farmers' trust in government can be divided into two components :the grassroots government trust component , which covers farmers' trust in township government , county government and city government , and the high level government trust component , which includes trust in provincial government and central government .The grassroots government trust is much lower than that of the high-level government trust .Further multi-regression analysis shows that besides factors such as age , sex and political efficacy , petition influences political trust significantly.The higher level of government farmers go to for petition , the more farmers' trust in government erodes.The author argues that in spite of the substantial flaws in the existing petition system , reforms should not be limited to the petition sy stem but should be implemented more broadly to find solutions.

作者:

胡荣;

作者单位: 厦门大学社会学系;
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2007.3:39-55
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 农民上访; 政治信任; 信访制度;
英文关键词:
项目基金: 教育部人文社会科学研究2006年度一般项目成果(项目批准号06JA840018)

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