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乌托邦现实主义:何以可能与可取?——兼论吉登斯社会理论的特性

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英文标题:

Utopian Realism :Is it possible and desirable ?

摘要: 吉登斯在诊断"晚期现代性"或者"后传统社会"时,提出了"乌托邦现实主义"的主张,但对于这一主张何以可能与何以可取,他并未提出充分的论证。本文首先从吉登斯有关社会生活和社会理论的基本观点出发,阐发这一主张的思想背景;接着讨论了乌托邦现实主义中乌托邦主义和现实主义之间的张力,尤其是当代社会现实的异质性和多元性乃至碎片性给乌托邦现实主义带来的困境;然后尝试着以吉登斯有关"情感民主"的观点为例,说明乌托邦现实主义的启发意义和理论限度。文章最后从修辞策略的角度讨论了吉登斯社会理论的特性。
英文摘要:

Anthony Giddens proposes the outlook of utopian realism to capture the futureorientation.As a critical theory without guarantees, is utopian realism possible and desirable ? This article firstly explores the basic assumptions of Giddens' s social theory , especially its philosophical anthropology.It is clear that the prospects of utopian realism are based upon the postulates of the knowledgeability of human agents and the double hermeneutic which characterizes social science.The tensions between utopianism and realism are then analyzed, and the difficulties in balancing the universalism of utopian realism with the contingency and heterogeneity of contemporary society are also mentioned.The implications and limits of utopian realism are showed by the case of Giddens' s model of a democracy of the emotions.Finally , the article attempts to show the rhetorical strategy which Giddens uses to overcome the take-it-or-leave-it quality of his theory.

作者:

成伯清

作者单位: 南京大学社会学系
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2008.6:22-23
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 双重诠释; 乌托邦现实主义; 情感民主;
英文关键词:
项目基金: 国家社会科学基金重大招标项目“国外社会建设理论的比较研究”(05&ZD037)课题的资助

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