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县级人大代表履职:谁更积极?

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英文标题:

Who are More Active to Fulfill the Duties of the LPC Deputies: A study based on the 2013-2014 national survey data on countylevel Peoples Congress deputies

摘要:

利用2013-2014年全国县级人大代表抽样调查数据,本文分析县级人大代表履职积极性及其影响因素,以“议案和建议数”以及“是否投过反对票或者弃权票”来测量代表的履职积极性。本文发现:第一,选举激励对县级人大代表履职积极性有重要影响,但是与西方不同的是,县级人大代表往往并非为了谋求连任而积极履职,相反,他们更可能是为候选人提名和正式选举阶段所形成的公民授权的认知和积极履职的道义责任感所激励。第二,政治身份对代表的履职行为有混合影响,在提出建议议案上,领导干部更为消极,专职代表更为积极,但同时党员代表却更可能投过反对票。第三,是否投过反对票与人大代表的政权支持程度和政策满意度并无显著相关性,它更多地反映了代表的权威主义价值认同。第四,人大代表积极提出建议议案的动力机制与投票行为的动力机制存在相当的差异,提出更多建议议案的人大代表并非就更倾向于投出反对票和弃权票,反之亦然。

英文摘要:

Based on the 2013-2014 national survey on countylevel Peoples Congress deputies, this article analyzes the deputies activeness of duty fulfillment and the factors affecting it.The activeness of duty fulfillment is measured by the number of bills and proposals sponsored by the deputy and whether the deputy has ever vetoed or abstained in voting.We find that, firstly, electoral motivation does have important effect on deputies activeness of duty fulfillment.However, the more active deputies are not motivated by reelection incentive, but by the cognition of civil mandate and the sense of moral responsibility generated in the process of nomination and voting.Secondly, different political identities play different roles in affecting the deputes behavior.Cadres are more passive in sponsoring bills and proposals, while fulltime deputies are more active.Moreover, its more likely for Communist Party members to cast opposing votes.Thirdly, whether to veto or abstain in voting is irrelevant to the degree of support for the regime or satisfaction with the policies, but is influenced by their sympathy for authoritarian values.Lastly, those who are active in sponsoring bills and proposals are not necessary prone to casting opposing or abstention votes, and vice versa.

作者:

黄冬娅 陈川慜

作者单位: 中山大学中国公共管理研究中心、 中山大学政治与公共事务管理学院(黄冬娅);香港中文大学政治与行政学系(陈川慜)
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2015.4:169-193
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 人大代表 履职积极性 选举激励 政治身份 政治态度
英文关键词:
项目基金:

国家985工程三期、国家社科基金重大项目(12&ZD040)和中山大学优秀青年教师培育项目

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