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国家、市场与社会:秦淮河污染治理的多维动因

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英文标题:

State , Market and Society :The multidimensional impetus of reducing the Qinhuai River' s pollution

摘要:

1950-2005年间,秦淮河前后经历了五次较大规模的治理。前三次治理以防洪排涝为目标,后两次治理则力图改善N市的水系生态环境质量,并被提到政府的议事日程。本文以第四和第五次治理为主要分析事件,力图说明秦淮河的污染治理受到了提高或改善城市或政府形象和谋求市场经济利益的双重力量的推动。同前三次相比,国家因为经济动员的能力增加,使其保持了政治动员的潜能;而市场的力量则因污染治理的经济效益而凸现出来。相比之下,尽管在问题的形成和议论方面,社区或社会的力量已经逐步显现,但离真正影响污染治理的进程尚有相当的距离。 

英文摘要:

Since 1950, the Qinhuai River in Nanjing city has undergone five times of large-scale renovations.Whereas the first three renovations were targeted at preventing flood and water logging , the last two gave priority to pollution reduction , with the aim of improving the ecological environment of the water system in Nanjing.This paper presents a close analysis of these last two renovations, trying to indicate how the control of the Qinhuai River pollution is achieved under the dual impetus of enhancing or improving the public image of the city or the government , and seeking the marketing economic benefit . Compared with the first three renovations, the government secures its potential of political mobilization through an increase in its economic mobilization capacity;at the same time , the market , being motivated by the economic benefit in sight , has also exhibited itsforce in the pollution controlling project .Although the community or the society have revealed their power in the formation and discussion of the problem , there is still a long way to go before they can have any real influence over the prevention and control of pollution .

作者:

周晓虹

作者单位: 南京大学社会学系 上海高校社会学E-研究院(上海大学);
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2008.1:143-164
中图分类号: X321
文章编号:
关键词: 国家; 市场与社会; 污染治理; 中国特色;
英文关键词:
项目基金:

教育部重大攻关课题“中国城市化理论重构与城市化发展战略”(课题项目批准号:05JZD0038)的成果之一;上海高校社会学E-研究院(上海大学)资助

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