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The Origin and Transformation of Morality: On Durkheims intention of his study of religion
Durkheim had been trying to establish a science of morality, which is another name of his sociology. This paper analyzes the dilemma of his social morphology, that is, how the morality changes can not be interpreted only by the social milieus. It was only in his study of primitive religion, which was guided by his theory of collective representations, had he finally found the way to interpret the place of the moral ideal in the transformation of the morality. The place of the sacred in the religious life is amount to the moral ideals in the social life. Moral ideals expresses the selfconscious of the society. They are externalized into the material institutions, which constitutes the primary cause of the reconstruction of the morality and society. The social fact, which Durkheims sociology tries to grasp, is the social conscious or the moral ideals inherent in the society.
|关键词：||道德科学 社会形态学 集体表象 道德理想 社会存在论|