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社会身份的结构性失位问题

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英文标题:

The Problem on Structural Dislocation of Social Status

摘要:

本文的主题有关转型时期群体性不满的成因。针对“收入差距论”的解释局限,作者试图揭示“结构性失位”对于高学历群体的影响。在回顾文凭教育的传统后,论文展示了高校学生的毕业求职意愿、他们对未来社会身份的预期、过去几年高学位的产出和失业规模、毕业生求职的实际去向、其职业单位和地区类别的变化等数据。在对比分析的基础上,作者指出,大量高学历青年进入社会时面临的结构进位困难,不断动摇着新成员获得预期身份的稳定秩序,从而影响着该群体的态度和行为,同时,教育作为社会分流稳定器的作用也在弱化。

英文摘要:

This article discusses about the causes of group discontent during the social transitional period. In addition tothe theory of income gap”,the author attempts to reveal the impact of “structural dislocation” upon highly educated young groups. After reviewing the tradition of diploma-oriented educationthis article exhibits the following trends: graduates' job willtheir anticipations about future social statusthe scale of highly educated outputs and unemployedgraduates' actual positions in the society and the classifications of their employers and locations. Based on comparative analysisthe author points out that as graduates enter the societythe difficulty ofstructural advancewill be metwhich shakes the order of gaining anticipated social status for new generations and influences the behaviors and attitudes of them. Meanwhilethe role of education as a social distribution stabilizer is weakening.

作者:

张静

作者单位: 北京大学社会学系; 北京大学中国社会与发展研究中心
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2010.6:41-57
中图分类号: D663
文章编号:
关键词: 结构性失位; 文凭教育; 社会身份预期; 群体性不满;
英文关键词:
项目基金:

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