在线办公

期刊检索

您当前的位置:首页 >> 期刊目录 >> 2010 年 1 期

村落共同体的当代命运:四个观察维度

查看全文 下载全文

英文标题:

Contemporary Forture of Rural Communities: Four perspectives

摘要:

去社会学化、去社会理论化的村庄研究忽略了以下四个问题:(1)在批判社会学的视野里,村庄面临市场力量的持续冲击,后者要求土地和劳动力全部从共同体中分离,纳入作为价格形成体系的市场。故村庄转型的核心问题就是听任市场力量,还是保留村落共同体。(2)在专业社会学的视野里,如果承认现代社会还需要小型、地方性共同体的存在,以满足非市场经济性质的互助与交换,并发挥情感和社会认知方面的功能,就意味着要承认村落共同体的农业经济支撑条件在现代可能松动剥离,但它作为社区共同体仍然是正常的现代社会的基本资源;它能否在空前复杂的推压力量下采取恰当的"过海策略",实现与社会的联结,首先取决于国家和社会把何种社会视为正常。(3)在公共社会学的视野里,地方性共同体是否被视为公民社会的敌人,首先取决于公民社会被视为应基于方法论个人主义之上还是方法论社群主义之上。从后一立场看,恰当的村落共同体不是公民社会的敌人...

英文摘要:

De-sociology and de-social-theory of village studies are ignorant of at least the four following issues.1) From perspective of critical sociology, villages confront forces of market, which requires the separation of land and labor from community and their incorporation into market. So the core issue of village transformation is whether surrendering to forces of market or retaining village community.(2)From perspective of professional sociology,  admitting the assumption that modern society still needs small and local community means acknowledging factors such as infrastructure for agricultural economy of village community might be loosened and deprived, but as a community, it remains essential resources of normal modern society. Whether it could adopt appropriate “sea channel strategy”  to attain ties with society, depends on which kind of society is seen as normal by state and society. (3)From perspective of  public sociology, whether local community is seen as enemy of civil society relies primarily on whether civil society is considered on basis of methodological individualism or communitarianism. From the latter position, appropriate village community is never the enemy of civil society. (4)From perspective of sociology of public policy, when state let rural labor migrate to cities, it might develop rural community vigorously, and develop rural-urban linkage on the premise of resolving economic and social inequality between rural and urban community to avoid breakdown of strategies between acceleration of urbanization and construction of new rural community.

作者:

毛丹

作者单位: 浙江大学地方政府与社会治理研究中心; 浙江大学中国社区建设研究中心;
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2010.1:1-33
中图分类号: C912.82
文章编号:
关键词: 村庄研究; 村落共同体; 社区; 城乡衔接;
英文关键词:
项目基金:

教育部人文社科重点研究基地(“卡特中心”)重大课题“农村社区的成长、转型与城乡社区衔接问题研究”(07JJD630011);教育部新世纪优秀人才支持项目“中国农民行动逻辑研究”(NCET-07-0749)

欢迎阅读《社会学研究》!您是该文第2156位读者!