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"Selective Solidification" of Self-Boundary: Citizens movement and the reconstruction of state-individual relationship during China's social transformation
In China, the frequent social conflicts happened during rapid urbanization since the 1990s could be understood as a process of releasing the society from the state after the formation of the market, as well as the reconstruction of state-individual relationship initiated by agents. One dilemma always facing the agents of citizens movement in China is that the "legitimacy" and "protest space" must be produced at the same time, which illustrates the paradox of state-individual relationship in China's transformation; the externalization of individuals out of the concrete state is on the premise of the internalization of individuals into the abstract state. Based on a case study of a collective lawsuit of citizens being relocated in City B, this paper illustrates the "selective solidification" mechanism of self-boundary, including distinguishing the administrative levels of the state, dividing the double identities of the state around the land issue, and differentiating the economic function from the administrative function of the state. As an adaptation for the above-mentioned dilemma, the essence of this mechanism is the independent and equal state-individual relationship rebuilt by the agents based on the transformation of self-boundary from permeated to solidified, which drives China move from a traditional almighty state toward a modem state with the state, market, society and individuals playing their respective roles.
|关键词：||自我边； 选择性固化 国家一个人关系 公民运动|