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One-Child Policy and Elderly Migration
At the end of 1970s, the Chinese government enacted the one-child policy, which was strictly implemented in urban areas. Now, those children born under this policy begin to join the labor market, while their parents are retiring. In China's well-developed urban labor market, it's quite normal for the one-child generation, who has received good education with the expansion of China's higher education, to search for jobs in other cities, especially in the big ones. However, China's elderly care model largely remains unchanged, so parents intend to move to destination cities with their children, which illustrates a unique phenomenon of elderly migration in China: moving to big cities. This leads to the increasing number of elderly people in the destination cities and raises challenges to public facilities and services to the local communities.
|独生子女政策 老龄化 迁移 双差分模型