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私营企业主任人大代表或政协委员的因素分析

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英文标题:

An Empirical Analysis on the Impact Factors of Being Representatives in the People's Congress and People's Political Consultative Conference for Private Entrepreneurs

摘要:

让私营企业主担任人大代表或政协委员,是我国政府吸收新兴社会阶层参政议政最重要的机制之一。通过使用“中国私营企业主抽样调查”的数据,本文试图回答以下两个问题:第一,促成入选为人大代表和政协委员的影响因素之间存在哪些差异;第二,入选为“县乡级”和“地级及以上”的人大代表或政协委员的主要影响因素之间是否存在差异。本文发现,不管是在较高层级还是较低层级的人大和政协中,经济财富只是门槛,党员身份也不是当选的保证;而像具有社会责任感的“士绅”那样去行事,则扮演着重要的角色。在此经验发现的基础上,本文提出了“财绅政治”这一概念用以概括我国私营企业主参政议政的现状。

英文摘要:

Choosing certain private entrepreneurs to be members of the People's Congress (PC) or the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) is one of the most important mechanisms for participating politics in China. By using the Chinese Private Entrepreneur Survey 2008, this paper aims to answer two questions: First, what are the differences between the factors for winning a seat at the PC and a seat at the CPPCC? Second, is there any difference between factors that have significant impacts on winning a seat in the county-township level of the PC or CPPCC and the prefecture-and-above levels of the PC or CPPCC? Based on empirical findings, the author coins a term "wealthy-gentry politics" (cai-shen zhengzhi) to conceptualize the fact that behaving like a member of the socially responsible "gentry" is playing an increasingly significant role in the higher levels and in the PC compared to the lower levels and the CPPCC, while economic wealth is just a threshold and party membership is not a guarantee.

作者: 吕鹏
作者单位: 中国社会科学院社会学研究
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2013.4:154-178
中图分类号: C912;D624;D628
文章编号:
关键词: 私营企业主 参政议政 财绅政治
英文关键词:
项目基金:

国家社会科学基金青年项目“要素市场的政商关系研究”(11CSH038)的阶段性成果

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