您当前的位置：首页 >> 期刊目录 >> 2014 年 2 期
The Sociology of Disaster in the United States and Its Implications for China
Although large-scale disasters in China and around the world have received worldwide attention from the public sphere and policy makers in recent years, Chinese sociology has rarely addressed disasters. Drawing on the sociology of knowledge, particularly Burawoy's division of labor within sociology, this paper reviews the origins, major topics, and problems of the sociology of disaster in the United States, and points out lessons for Chinas disaster research. At the early stage of the American sociology of disaster, the military's commission projects heavily shaped its paradigm and resulted in a variety of problems, such as overdevelopment in applied research, dependency on funding, and isolation from mainstream sociology. In other words, policy sociology has been overdeveloped, while professional sociology and public sociology remain underdeveloped. The Chinese sociology of disaster has not started yet. The authors argue that the future development of Chinese sociology of disaster could benefit greatly from avoiding problems in American sociology of disaster. The field should focus on the development of public and professional sociology approaches, while at the same time, the field needs to keep a healthy balance among professional, policy, and public sociology approaches research.
|关键词：||美国灾难社会学 中国灾害研究 汶川地震|