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Assisted-type Government: On the township government in the era of "governing the state through programs"
税费改革以后，中西部基层政权从“汲取型政权”走向了“悬浮型政权”，为了维持中西部政权的正常运转和提供农村基本公共服务，一套复杂的转移支付体系开始建立。大量转移支付资金进入中西部基层社会的同 时，财政资金项目化的趋势加强，导致了“项目治国”时代的来临。在项目制度下，乡镇政权的状态是：一方面资源和权力继续被上收；另一方面又不得不 开始为项目进村“跑腿办事”，乡镇政权由“悬浮型政权”走向“协调型政权”。乡镇政权无钱无权，却又不得不疲于奔命，这种制度上的困境导致了 项目制在基层运作过程中走向了技术治理的反面。
After rural fee reform, the grass-roots governments in the central and western regions in China have transformed from drawing-type government to suspended-type government. Meanwhile, a complicated fiscal transfer payment system has been set up to keep local government running and provide public goods and services. With the downward flowing of transfer payments from central government to grass-roots governments, program funds are becoming increasingly important in the transfers, which is called as "governing the slate through programs". In the era of "governing the state through programs", township government faces a dilemma: with the upward centralization of resources and power, township government plays an indispensable role in implementing the programs in the villages. Thus township-government has changed from suspended-type to assisted-type. However, with lots of affairs but short of funds and power, the township government changes from technical governing to non-technical governing.
|关键词：||税费改革 项目制 乡镇政权 "协调型"政权 非技术治理|