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家庭化与新生代农民工生活方式转型

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英文标题: Familization and Lifestyle Transition of New Generation Migrant Workers
摘要: 基于城乡多点追踪调查收集的经验材料,本文发现,新生代农民工在打工生涯早期出现了个体化生活趋势,但家庭化让他们直面劳动力再生产问题,令其承担家庭绵续与发展责任。在城乡二元结构限制下,他们建构了父权式性别分工,并再度嵌入家与亲属关系,转向了以家为中心的生活方式。而面临家庭化困境的大龄单身男工无法进入家庭绵续轨道,滑入消费主义的生活方式。本文指出,在当前的城市化模式下,家庭化让大多数新生代农民工无法脱离乡土文明的刻蚀,而大龄单身男工则因家庭化困境逐渐与乡土文明相疏离。
英文摘要: Based on empirical data collected from multi-sited ethnography, this paper finds that new generation migrant workers tend to individualize their lives early in their working lives, while the process of familization leads to a family-centered traditional transformation in their everyday lifestyles. In the restriction of the urban-rural divided structure, familization forces them into a dilemma of labor reproduction and makes them assume responsibility for family development. In the process of famililization, a patriarchal gender division of labor is constructed, and the newly started family is forced to re-embed into stem-family, thus gives birth to lifestyle transformation. While the older single male workers cannot enter a track for family continuity, then slip into a consumerist lifestyle resulting from the influence of urbanization. These findings indicate that under the current urbanization model, it is difficult for migrant workers to detach themselves from the influence of rural civilization, and alienates older single male workers from it.
作者: 王欧
作者单位: 华中师范大学社会学院
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2022.1:
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 新生代农民工;生活方式;家庭化;传统转向;乡土文明
英文关键词:
项目基金: 本文是教育部人文社会科学研究青年项目“农民工与中产家庭的亲职实践及其对代际流动的影响:基于流入地和流出地的城乡多点研究”(21YJC840025)的阶段性成果。

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