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农政问题:概念演进与理论发展

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英文标题: The Agrarian Question:The Conceptual Evolution and Its Theoretical Advancement
摘要: “农政问题”概念由考茨基于1899年正式提出,是在马克思主义政党关于如何对待国家发展进程中的农业、农地、农民和农村问题以及这四个方面未来走向的争辩中产生的话语,体现了一种基于经济基础和社会发展的进步观。有关“农政问题”的学术研究重点聚焦国家发展进程中农业生产方式、农地所有权形式、农民群体分层与分化和农村治理与动员的转型变迁。马克思主义、实体主义等均在“农政问题”上有着深厚的理论传统。中国学术界需要重拾“农政问题”概念,构建农政转型的中国理论。
英文摘要: The concept of the “agrarian question” was formally introduced by Karl Kautsky in 1899. It emerged from the debate within Marxist parties on how to approach the issues of agriculture, land, peasantry, and the countryside in the processes of national development and the future direction of these four aspects, reflecting a progressive view based on economic foundations and social development. The academic discussion of agrarian question mainly focused on the transformation and change of the modes of agricultural production, forms of farmland ownership, the stratification of peasant groups and the mobilization of rural governance. Theoretical perspectives such as Marxism and substantialism have strong theoretical traditions on the agrarian question. Chinese academics need to revive the concept of agrarian question, and construct a Chinese theory of agrarian transformation.
作者: 叶敬忠
作者单位: 中国农业大学人文与发展学院
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2022.1:
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 农政问题;农政转型;国家发展;马克思主义;实体主义
英文关键词:
项目基金: 本文是国家社会科学基金重大项目“从脱贫攻坚到乡村振兴的有效衔接与转型研究”(20&ZD163)阶段性成果。

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