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民间意识形态的象征支配——迈向马克思主义人类学的解释

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英文标题: The Symbolic Domination of Folk Ideology Towards an Interpretation of Marxist Anthropology
摘要: 在传统中国,尤其是明清时期,“孝道”作为象征支配,成为绅权支配的文化粘合剂,联结了“大传统”和“小传统”,即正统伦理观和民间意识形态。“孝道”为绅权支配提供了正统伦理观的支持,也在民间意识形态上为士绅领导权和民众反抗提供支撑。在家产制支配中,赋税甚至“俸禄化”,成为“州县官的银两”,而贡赋制榨取方式却通过民间意识形态得以合理化。象征支配的政治经济学表现为财产关系的“委婉化”。“地主制经济”的道义经济学也将剥削赢利和庇护效忠有机结合起来。民间意识形态的象征支配进一步表现为历史本体论意义上的二重生产方式。
英文摘要: In traditional China, especially during the Ming and Qing dynasties, filial piety, as a symbolic domination, served as the cultural glue for the domination of gentry power, linking the “big tradition” and the “small tradition”, i.e., the orthodox ethics and folk ideology. Filial piety provided the support for the orthodox ethics of gentry domination, and also supported the leadership of the gentry and popular resistance in folk ideology. In the domination of the family property system, taxes were even “salaried” and became “the silver of the state and county officials”, while the tribute system was rationalized through folk ideology. The political economy of symbolic domination was manifested in the “euphemization” of property relations. The moral economics of the “landlord economy” also combined exploitation for profit with patronage for allegiance. The symbolic domination of folk ideology is further manifested in the dual mode of production in the sense of historical ontology.
作者: 张佩国
作者单位: 上海交通大学人文学院历史系
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2022.1:
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: “孝道”;民间意识形态;象征支配;生产方式
英文关键词:
项目基金:

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