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从脱贫攻坚到乡村振兴:迈向“家国一体”的国家与农民关系

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英文标题: From Poverty Alleviation to Rural Revitalization: Towards an Integrated State-Farmer Relationship with Chinese Characteristics
摘要: 本文使用2018-2020年在全国调研的贫困村案例,考察脱贫攻坚中国家与农民关系的新形态及其对乡村振兴的启示。研究发现,脱贫攻坚充分展现了具有中国特色的国家与农民关系形态,这种形态不是西方“国家—社会”关系理论下利益主体的互动和博弈,而是立国为家、化家为国的“家国一体”。论文通过乡村产业发展中国家与农民经营的“对接”方式、驻村帮扶中国家激发农民的内生动力和乡风文明建设等案例对这种关系形态进行了描述。重视“家国一体”的一面,有利于在乡村振兴中保持和维护“家”的主体地位。
英文摘要: Using nationwide case studies of poor villages from 2018 to 2020,this paper examines a new form of relationship between the state and farmers in poverty alleviation and its implications for rural revitalization. Research finds that poverty alleviation has fully demonstrated the relationship between the state and farmers with Chinese characteristics, which is not the interaction and contention between interest subjects depicted by the western “state-society” relationship theory. Rather, it takes on the form of “family-state unity”, which establishes the nation as the family and turns the family into the nation. The paper describes the relationship between the state and farmers during the development of rural industries, how the staying-at-village cadres stimulate the endogenous motivation of farmers in village support, and the cultivation of rural civilization. The emphasis on the aspect of “family-state unity” is conducive to maintaining and preserving the central role of “family” in rural revitalization.
作者: 周飞舟
作者单位: 北京大学社会学系、北京大学中国社会与发展研究中心
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2021.6:
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 脱贫攻坚;乡村振兴;家国一体;国家与农民关系
英文关键词:
项目基金:

本文系研究阐释党的十九届五中全会精神国家社会科学基金重点项目“实现巩固拓展脱贫攻坚成果同乡村振兴有效衔接研究”(21AZD040)的部分成果。

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