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居住模式与“用工荒”:兼论城市住房政策的调整

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英文标题: Housing Mode and Labor Shortage: On the Adjustment of Housing Policy
摘要: 企业宿舍居住模式与农民工家庭团聚目标之间的紧张关系是理解制造业“用工荒”的新视角。本文基于一项全国性调查数据研究发现:服务于生产目标的企业宿舍为个体迁移农民工提供了低成本的居住空间,但这一居住模式与家庭团聚目标存在矛盾,不利于农民工家庭迁移。已婚农民工为了实现家庭团聚目标而离开制造业,通过“非正规就业”、在城中村租房满足家庭居住与照料需求。上述发现从居住模式与农民工家庭迁移策略角度为“招工难” 与“用工荒”问题提供了新的解释视角,为“过早去工业化”研究补充了微观解释机制,也为中国住房政策的调整与优化提供了新的思路。
英文摘要: The tension between corporate dormitories and migrant workers’ family reunion goal is a new perspective employed to understand labor shortage in the manufacturing industry. Based on a national microdata, this paper finds that: (1) Corporate dormitories serving production goals provide low-cost housing for migrant workers who migrate individually and reduce urbanization costs, but corporate dormitories are contradictory to family reunion goal and are not conducive to migrant workers’ family migration. (2)  In order to achieve the goal of family reunion, married migrant workers leave the manufacturing industry through “informal employment” and house renting in urban villages. The above findings provide a new explanation for the problems of “difficulty in recruiting” and “labor shortage” from the perspective of migrant workers family migration strategies, supplementing the micro-level explanatory mechanism of “premature deindustrialization”. It also provides new ideas for the adjustment and optimization of China’s housing policy.
作者: 魏万青
作者单位: 广西大学公共管理学院、区域社会治理创新研究中心
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2021.5:
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 去工业化;用工荒;城市化;住房政策
英文关键词:
项目基金:

本文受广西高等学校高水平创新团队及卓越学者计划资助。

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