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工作权威、工作自主性与主观阶层认同形成——基于创业者劳动过程的实证研究

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英文标题: Work Authority, Work Autonomy and the Formation of Subjective Status Identification—An Empirical Study Based on the Labor Process of Entrepreneurs
摘要: 改革开放以来,由私营企业主和个体工商户组成的创业者群体数量不断增长。已有研究大多从客观社会经济地位的角度解释创业者阶层认同的形成,本文则创新性地分析了工作权威和工作自主性这两个劳动过程要素对其阶层认同形成的影响。通过对CGSS 2015年数据的实证分析,本文发现:相比非创业者群体,创业者群体有更高的工作权威和工作自主性,从而形成了显著更高的阶层认同;相比工作收入这一客观社会经济地位要素,劳动过程中体现的工作权威和工作自主性维度对阶层认同的作用更重要。本文显示了以劳动过程为中心的视角在当代社会阶层和阶层认同研究中的生命力。
英文摘要: Since the reform and opening up policy, the group of entrepreneurs composed of private business owners and the self-employed has been continuously growing. Existing studies mainly explain the formation of subjective status identification in terms of objective social economic status. This paper, however, analyzes the influence of work authority and work autonomy on the formation of subjective class identification. Based on the empirical analyses of the CGSS 2015 dataset, it is found that entrepreneurs have higher work authority and work autonomy than non-entrepreneurs, thereby attaining higher status identification. Compared to the objective social and economic factor such as income, the labor process is more important to the formation of subjective status identification. Our results suggest the vitality of the labor process centered perspective in today’s study of social stratification and class identification.
作者: 何晓斌、董寅茜
作者单位: 清华大学社会学系(何晓斌);清华大学社会学系(董寅茜)
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2021.5:
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 创业者;阶层认同;劳动过程;工作权威;工作自主性
英文关键词:
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